References

1. UpToDate Patient education: Menopause (Beyond the Basics) [online] 22 May 2017 [Cited 25 January 2018]. Available from http://www.uptodate.com/contents/menopause-beyond-the-basics.
2. Menopause: Merck Manual Professional [Online] January 2016. [Cited 25 January 2018]. Available from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gynecology-and-obstetrics/menopause/menopause#.
3. Guidozzi F, Alperstein A, Bagratree JS, et al. on behalf of the Council of the South African Menopause Society. South African Menopause Society revised consensus guidelines on menopausal hormone therapy, 2014. SAMJ 2014;104(8):537-543.
4. De Villiers TJ, Pines A, Panay N, et al. Updated 2013 International Menopause Society recommendations on menopausal hormone therapy and preventive strategies for midlife health. Climacteric 2013;16: 316-337.
5. The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook. 7th Ed. USA.
6. North American Menopause Society. What is custom-compounded therapy? [Cited 25 January 2018]. Available from http://www.menopause.org/publications/clinicalpractice-materials/bioidentical-hormone-therapy/what-is-custom-compounded-therapy.
7. Ibarra de Palacios P, Schmidt G, Sergejew T, Quebe-Fehling E, Lockhart L, Krinsky L. Comparative study to evaluate skin irritation and adhesion of Estradot and Climara in healthy postmenopausal women. Climacteric 2002; 5: 383-389.
8. Simon JA, Snabes MC. Menopausal hormone therapy for vasomotor symptoms: balancing the risks and benefits with ultra-low doses of estrogen. Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2007;16(12):2005-2020.
9. Reference available on request.
10. Estradiol Topical: MedlinePlus. [Online] 15 June 2016. [Cited 25 January 2018]. Available from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a605041.html.
11. The 2012 hormone therapy position statement of the North American Menopause Society. Menopause 2012;19(3):257-271.
12. McLennan AH. Hormone replacement therapy: a 2008 perspective. Obstet Gynaecol & Repr Med 2008;19(1):13-18.
13. Baber RJ, Panay N, Fenton A the IMS Writing Group. 2016 IMS Recommendations on women’s midlife health and menopause hormone therapy. Climacteric 2016;19(2):109-150. 107448 09/2016. ZA1611550211 10/2016.
14. The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause 2017;24(7):1-26.
15. The Five Steps of a Breast Self-Exam. [Online] 22 February 2017. [Cited 25 January 2018]. Available from http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/testing/types/self_exam/bse_steps.
16. American Cancer Society Guidelines for the Early Detection of Cancer. [Online] 7 July 2017. [Cited 25 January 2018]. Available from https://www.cancer.org/healthy/find-cancer-early/cancer-screening-guidelines/american-cancer-society-guidelines-for-theearly-detection-of-cancer.html.
17. Botha H, Cooreman B, Dreyer G, et al. Cervical cancer and human papillomavirus: South African guidelines for screening and testing. South Afr J Gynaecol Oncol 2010;2(1):23-26.
18. National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa [Online] https://osteoporosis.org.za/. Accessed July 2018;
19. WebMD. Osteoporosis Health Center. Osteoporosis Guide. Osteoporosis: Are You at Risk? [Online] http://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/guide/osteoporosis-risk-factors. Accessed July 2018;
20. National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa - Diagnosis [Online] https://osteoporosis.org.za/information/diagnosis/. Accessed July 2018;
21. National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa - Prevention [Online]. https://osteoporosis.org.za/information/prevention/. Accessed July 2018;
22. National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa - Treatment [Online] https://osteoporosis.org.za/information/treatment/. Accessed July 2018;
23. What I need to know about Urinary Tract Infections. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. [Online] 2011 Dec. [cited 2018 July 02]; Available from URL: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/uti_ez/uti_ez_508.pdf;
24. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women’s Health. A-Z Health Topics. Urinary Tract Infections. Fact Sheet [Online] 2008 May. [cited 2018 July 02]; Available from URL: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/urinary-tract-infection.html;
25. Panesar K. Treating Uncomplicated Cystitis. US Pharmacist 2013;38(8):34-37.
26. Frequently Asked Questions: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. [Online] 2015 May. [cited 2018 July 02];Available from URL:http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Urinary-Tract-Infections-UTIs
27. Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. Infections of the Kidney, Urinary Tract, and Male Genital Tract. 16th ed. Rahway, N.J.: Merck Research Laboratories;1992,1719.
28. Zor M, Aydur E, Dmochowski RR. Flavoxate in urogynecology: an old drug revisited. Int Urogynecol J 2014. doi: 10.1007/s00192-014-2585-5.
29. Litt JZ. Litt’s Drug Eruption Reference Manual. Including Drug Interactions. 15th Edition. New York: Informa Healthcare USA, Inc; 2009:255.
30. Sturdee DW, Panay N, on behalf of the International Menopause Society Wring Group. Recommendations for the management of postmenopausal vaginal atrophy. Climacteric 2010;13:509-522.

201807111088465. Adcock Ingram Limited. Reg. No. 1949/034385/06. Private Bag X69, Bryanston, 2021, South Africa. Tel: +27 11 635 0000. www.adcock.com.